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The effects of exposure to better neighborhoods on children: New evidence from the Moving to Opportunity experiment

Date Added to Library: 
Thursday, September 22, 2016 - 14:26
Digital Object Identifier (DOI): 
10.1257/aer.20150572
Priority: 
high
Individual Author: 
Chetty, Raj
Hendren, Nathaniel
Katz, Lawrence F.
Reference Type: 
Research Methodology: 
Place Published: 
Nashville, TN
Published Date: 
April 2016
Published Date (Text): 
April 2016
Publication: 
American Economic Review
Volume: 
106
Issue Number: 
4
Page Range: 
855-902
Year: 
2016
Language(s): 
Abstract: 

The Moving to Opportunity (MTO) experiment offered randomly selected families housing vouchers to move from high-poverty housing projects to lower-poverty neighborhoods. We analyzed MTO's impacts on children's long-term outcomes using tax data. We found that moving to a lower-poverty neighborhood when young (before age 13) increased college attendance and earnings and reduced single parenthood rates. Moving as an adolescent had slightly negative impacts, perhaps because of disruption effects. The decline in the gains from moving when children were older suggests that the duration of exposure to better environments during childhood is an important determinant of children's long-term outcomes. (author abstract)

Target Populations: 
Page Count: 
49
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