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The supplemental poverty measure: 2014

Date Added to Library: 
Friday, September 18, 2015 - 13:23
Individual Author: 
Short, Kathleen
Reference Type: 
Place Published: 
Washinton, DC
Published Date: 
September 2015
Published Date (Text): 
September 2015
Current Population Reports
Issue Number: 

This is the fifth report describing research on the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM) released by the U.S. Census Bureau, with support from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). The SPM extends the official poverty measure by taking account of many of the government programs designed to assist low-income families and individuals that are not included in the current official poverty measure...

This report presents updated estimates of the prevalence of poverty in the United States, overall and for selected demographic groups, using the official measure and the SPM. Section one presents differences between the official poverty measure and the SPM. Comparing the two measures sheds light on the effects of noncash benefits, taxes, and other nondiscretionary expenses on measured economic wellbeing. The composition of the poverty populations using the two measures is examined across subgroups to better understand the incidence and receipt of benefits and taxes that are missed in the official statistics, and the distribution of income-to-poverty threshold ratios are also estimated and compared for the two measures. The second section of the report examines the SPM itself. Effects of benefits and expenses on SPM rates are explicitly examined, and SPM estimates for 2014 are compared with the 2013 figures to assess changes in SPM rates from the previous year. (author introduction)

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