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Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF): Size and characteristics of the cash assistance caseload

Date Added to Library: 
Monday, September 19, 2016 - 13:01
Priority: 
high
Individual Author: 
Falk, Gene
Reference Type: 
Place Published: 
Washington, D.C.
Published Date: 
01/29/2016
Published Date (Date): 
Friday, January 29, 2016
Publication: 
Congressional Research Service Reports
Issue Number: 
7-5700
Year: 
2016
Language(s): 
Abstract: 

The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant provides states, territories, and Indian tribes with federal grants for benefits and services intended to ameliorate the effects, and address the root causes, of child poverty. It was created in the 1996 welfare reform law, and is most associated with policies such as time limits and work requirements that sought to address concerns about “welfare dependency” of single mothers who received cash assistance. This report examines the characteristics of the TANF cash assistance caseload in FY2013, and compares it with selected post-welfare reform years (FY2001 and FY2006) and pre-welfare reform years (FY1988 and FY1994). The size of the caseload first increased, from 3.7 million families per month in FY1988 to 5.0 million families per month in FY1994, and then declined to 2.2 million families in FY2001 and 1.7 million families in FY2013. Over this period, some of the characteristics of the TANF cash assistance caseload have remained fairly stable, and other characteristics have changed. (author introduction)

Geographic Focus: 
Page Count: 
21
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