Little evidence exists regarding the relationship between transit service availability and the; ability of welfare recipients to find stable employment. While policy-makers continue to assert; that increased public transit mobility can positively affect employment status, there is little; empirical evidence to support this theory. It is generally assumed that public transit can; effectively link unemployed, car-less, persons with appropriate job locations. Out of these; assumptions, it is a common belief that if adequate transit were available, the likelihood of being; employed would increase. Hence, the call for more transit services to assist moving welfare; recipients to gainful employment. Thus far the available evidence is anecdotal, while general; patterns of transit access and labor participation remain relatively unexplored. This analysis; examines whether transit access service is less available to Temporary Assistance for Needy; Families (TANF) recipients in the City of Portland, Oregon. The analysis uses disaggregate; TANF recipient location data from the State of Oregon, Department of Adult and Family; Services; transit route/stop data from Tri-Met; block group census data; and disaggregate; employment location data within a geographic information system (GIS). GIS capabilities are; essential in performing network accessibility analyses and for analyzing spatial patterns of; TANF recipient locations and employment locations. The results of this analysis provide an; assessment of the availability and quality of transit service for TANF recipients. (Author abstract)
Transit access analysis of TANF recipients in the city of Portland, Oregon
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