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Too far from jobs: Spatial mismatch and hourly workers

Individual Author: 
Stacy, Christina
Craigie, Terry-Ann
Meixell, Brady
MacDonald, Graham
Zheng, Sihan Vivian
Davis, Christopher
Baird, Christina
Chartoff, Ben
Hinson, David
Lei, Serena

In many cities, low-income residents live far from available jobs, and employers can’t find people to fill open positions. Economists call this “spatial mismatch”—a mismatch between where jobs are located and where job seekers live, which can cause high unemployment rates and lead to longer spells of joblessness. Data from Snag, the largest online marketplace for hourly jobs, show us that this is true for job seekers who use their platform.

Getting to work: A mixed methods analysis of metropolitan area working poor employment access

Individual Author: 
Boschmann, Eric

This dissertation explores the patterns and processes of employment access among the working poor in the Columbus, Ohio metropolitan area. While job accessibility and spatial mismatch has been extensively researched, much of the empirical analysis focuses upon employment barriers among minority populations living in high-poverty inner-city neighborhoods. The ever-changing social and economic structure of U.S. cities warrants the need for more research that looks at employment barriers among the working poor, regardless of race, who increasingly reside outside the central city.

Barriers and promising approaches to workforce and youth development for young offenders: Policy profiles

Individual Author: 
Brown, David
Maxwell, Sarah
DeJesus, Edward
Schiraldi, Vincent

In 1999, the Annie E. Casey Foundation asked the National Youth Employment Coalition (NYEC), in cooperation with the Youth Development and Research Fund (YDRF) and the Justice Policy Institute (JPI), to build on the task force’s work. The Foundation wanted to identify what works: exemplary programs and policy initiatives that help court-involved youth become economically self-sufficient…

The national study undertaken by NYEC, JPI, and YDRF had three objectives:

LEAP: Final report on Ohio’s welfare initiative to improve school attendance among teenage parents

Individual Author: 
Bos, Johannes
Fellerath, Veronica

This is the fifth and final report from a multi-year evaluation of Ohio’s Learning, Earning, and Parenting (LEAP) Program. Developed and operated by the Ohio Department of Human Services (ODHS), LEAP is a statewide initiative that employs financial incentives in an attempt to increase school enrollment and attendance among pregnant teenagers and custodial teen parents on welfare (almost all of them are women).

The National Association of Service and Conservation Corps' Welfare to Work Project: Identifying promising practices

Individual Author: 
Jastrzab, JoAnn
Rappaport, Catherine Dun

NASCC is conducting this study to learn how best to develop and implement community service programs that facilitate the employment and post-placement support of TANF-eligible and other low-income young adults. This study is not a traditional evaluation in that it is more concerned with identifying promising practices than with assessing the performance of specific welfare-to-work programs.

Striving for student success: The effect of Project GRAD on high school student outcomes in three urban school districts

Individual Author: 
Snipes, Jason C.
Holton, Glee Ivory
Doolittle, Fred
Sztejnberg, Laura

Project Graduation Really Achieves Dreams (GRAD) is an ambitious education reform initiative designed to improve academic achievement, high school graduation rates, and rates of college attendance for low-income students. Recognizing that high schools inherit problems that have arisen earlier in the education pipeline, Project GRAD intervenes throughout an entire “feeder pattern” of elementary and middle schools that send students into each high school.

Sustained employment and earnings growth: New experimental evidence on financial work incentives and pre-employment services

Individual Author: 
Michalopoulos, Charles

We know how to get low-income people to go to work: build a strong and growing economy filled with jobs, make work pay through generous tax credits and welfare programs that allow working people to keep more of their benefits, and implement programs with employment and training services and time-limited welfare benefits to encourage people to work. However, we know little about the types of policies that will help people stay employed and increase their earnings over time.

The National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies: Four-year impacts of ten programs on employment stability and earnings growth

Individual Author: 
Freedman, Stephen

This paper explores whether programs in the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS) helped welfare recipients attain employment stability and earn more over time. These outcomes (defined in greater detail below) are important prerequisites for achieving long-term self-sufficiency and have served as goals of welfare-to-work programs past and present. The need for programs to promote stable employment and earnings growth has grown stronger since passage of PRWORA, which imposes time limits on most families’ eligibility to receive federally funded welfare benefits.