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Precision in measurement: Using state-level Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families administrative records and the Transfer Income Model (TRIM3) to evaluate poverty measurement

Individual Author: 
Shantz, Kathryn
Fox, Liana E.

Policy leaders look to quality data and statistics to help inform and guide programmatic decisions. As a result, assessing the quality and validity of major household surveys in capturing accurate program participation is essential. One method for evaluating survey quality is to compare self-reported program participation in surveys to administrative records from the program itself. In this paper, we are interested in understanding two issues.

An institutional analysis of American Job Centers: AJC service delivery in rural areas

Individual Author: 
Betesh, Hannah

To systematically document key characteristics and features of American Job Centers (AJCs), Mathematica and its partners—Social Policy Research Associates, The George Washington University, and Capital Research Corporation—conducted the Institutional Analysis of AJCs for the U.S. Department of Labor. This paper discusses key features and experiences of 12 AJCs that are located in rural areas. The research focuses on AJCs as the unit of service delivery, which is a narrower focus than prior studies of the rural workforce system as a whole.

Rural women's transitions to motherhood: Understanding social support in a rural community

Individual Author: 
Gjesfjeld, Christopher D.
Weaver, Addie
Schommer, Kathryn

Social support protects women from various negative consequences, yet we have little understanding of how rural women acquire and utilize social support. Using interviews of 24 women in a North Dakota community, this research sought to understand how rural women were supported as new mothers. One, familial women and partners were vital supports to these women. Two, medical professionals were expected to provide only the “medical part,” consisting of medical information and delivery procedures. Finally, dangers of limited social support were examined.

Healthy kids and strong working families: Improving economic security for North Dakota families with children

Individual Author: 
Shaffer, Jennifer

This brief uses the Family Resource Simulator and Basic Needs Budget Calculator, policy analysis tools developed by the National Center for Children in Poverty (NCCP), to demonstrate the basic costs associated with living and working in North Dakota and illustrate the important role of work supports in helping low-income families make ends meet.

Is subsidized childcare associated with lower risk of grade retention for low-income children?

Individual Author: 
Shattuck, Rachel M.

This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop discusses the likelihood of low-income children who received federal Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) - subsidized care in early childhood - being held back in school, from kindergarten onward. Additionally, this presentation explores whether this association is particularly pronounced for low-income Black and Hispanic children relative to low-income children from other race/ethnic groups.

Family violence collaboration

Individual Author: 
Office of Child Support Enforcement

The Promoting Child Well-Being & Family Self-Sufficiency Fact Sheet Series discusses how and why the child support program provides innovative services to families across six interrelated areas to assure that parents have the tools and resources they need to support their children and be positively involved in raising them. This fact sheet explains how family-centered strategies must not put women and children at greater risk of violence.

Borrowing trouble: Predatory lending in Native American communities

Individual Author: 
First Nations Development Institute

Predatory lending practices, which increased with the collapse of the subprime mortgage market, disproportionately target Native American communities and other vulnerable populations. This report provides an overview of the predatory lending practices that have had a harmful impact on Native people and highlights the efforts of five Native Nations to fight this growing problem. (Author abstract)

Seeding change in rural and reservation communities: The study of Horizons

Individual Author: 
Nelson-Dusek, Stephanie

This is the story of Horizons, a major rural community leadership program undertaken by the Northwest Area Foundation to address poverty in rural areas. The goal of the program was to identify, prepare, and equip new leaders and help them take community action on poverty (Morehouse, 2010). In large part, Horizons succeeded. Many communities formed plans and common definitions of poverty, and new leaders helped expand communities’ existing capacity to pursue change.

Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) evaluation: Final report

Individual Author: 
Meit, Michael
Hafford, Carol
Fromknecht, Catharine
Knudson, Alana
Gilbert, Tess
Miesfeld, Noelle

This report presents key findings from the evaluation of the first round of the Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Program. These findings show that all five of the Tribal HPOG grantees established programs that led to healthcare training completion and employment. The report includes findings on programs' structures, processes, outcomes, and insights related to these findings. The evaluation team worked to conduct a culturally responsive evaluation by receiving input from partners, advisors, and grantees throughout the evaluation. (author abstract)

The HPOG university partnership research grants

Individual Author: 
Canu, Melissa
Gall, Anamita
Lamb, Yvette
Forster, Hilary
Mueggenborg, Mary

This brief presents an overview of the Health Profession Opportunity Grants University Partnership Research Grants (HPOGUP) and discusses the contributions these studies are making to the body of knowledge regarding the education and training, employment, and advancement of low-income job seekers. HPOGUP funds studies conducted by university researchers that have partnered with one or more HPOG program grantees to answer specific questions about how to improve HPOG services within local contexts.