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Independent contractors and nontraditional workers: Implications for the child support program

Individual Author: 
Glosser, Asaph
Germain, Justin

The rise of online platform work through companies such as Uber,, and TaskRabbit has increased the visibility of alternative work arrangements. This has sparked interest among researchers, policymakers, and program administrators in the “gig economy” and its implications for labor markets, worker protections, and access to benefits.

Geographic patterns in disability insurance receipt: Mental disorders in New England

Individual Author: 
Schwabish, Jonathan

This brief examines correlates of DI benefit receipt for people with mental disorders, focusing on the higher rate of receipt in the six New England states. In 2015, 1.8 percent of all 18- to 65-year-olds across the country received DI benefits because of mental disorders. That recipiency rate was markedly higher in Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. The evidence suggests that access to and treatment from the health care system (which tend to be better in New England states) may help people identify their illnesses and contact the DI program and other services.

Is subsidized childcare associated with lower risk of grade retention for low-income children?

Individual Author: 
Shattuck, Rachel M.

This PowerPoint presentation from the 2017 NAWRS workshop discusses the likelihood of low-income children who received federal Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) - subsidized care in early childhood - being held back in school, from kindergarten onward. Additionally, this presentation explores whether this association is particularly pronounced for low-income Black and Hispanic children relative to low-income children from other race/ethnic groups.

Parents and the high cost of child care: 2016 report

Individual Author: 
Child Care Aware of America

More than 11 million children younger than age five are in some form of child care in the United States. The Parents and the High Cost of Child Care: 2016 Report summarizes the cost of child care across the country, examines the importance of child care as a workforce support and as an early learning program, and explores the effect of high costs on families' child care options. This year's report continues to expose child care as one of the most significant expenses in a family budget, often exceeding the cost of housing, college tuition, transportation, or food.

Effects of welfare and antipoverty programs on participants’ children

Individual Author: 
Duncan, Greg J.
Gennetian, Lisa
Morris, Pamela

This article contributes to the literature on parental self-sufficiency and child well-being in two ways. First, we bring a novel interdisciplinary perspective to formulating hypotheses about the pathways by which policy-induced changes in the environments in which children are embedded, both within and outside the home, facilitate or harm children’s development. These hypotheses help to organize the contradictory assertions regarding child impacts that have surrounded the debate over welfare reform.

A study of the Self-Employment Assistance program: Helping unemployed workers pursue self-employment

Individual Author: 
Weigensberg, Elizabeth
Needels, Karen
Gould-Werth, Alix
Patnaik, Ankita
Lee, Joanne

This report for the Department of Labor examines Self-Employment Assistance (SEA) programs, which help qualifying unemployment insurance recipients set up a business in lieu of seeking a new job. In addition to providing a weekly self-employment allowance, SEA programs typically partnered with other organizations to provide participants with important business development supports, including counseling, mentoring, or training.

Neighborhood stabilization: The rural story

Individual Author: 
Bradley, Erica

When house prices crashed in 2006-2007, foreclosures increased. The ensuing financial crisis and deep recession exacerbated the impact.

Concerned that foreclosures—and the associated property abandonment and crime—were destructive to communities, the federal government launched the Neighborhood Stabilization Program in 2008. Under the program, $3.92 billion was appropriated in grants to states, municipalities, and tribal governments. The funds could be used for the following:

Does the application of child support guidelines at the time of court action affect fathers' subsequent compliance with their child support obligations?

Individual Author: 
Ellis, Walter L.

Fathers are likely to pay their child support on time when presumptive child support guidelines are used flexibly in response to their specific concerns. Data from 297 court cases assigned to a child support enforcement services agency in New Hampshire were used to determine whether or not the manner in which these guidelines were applied (rigid or flexible) at the time of court action had an effect on fathers' subsequent compliance with their court-ordered child support obligations. An OLS regression found the flexible use of these guidelines to increase compliance.