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Child Trends

Publisher ID: 

The health of parents and their children: A two-generation inquiry

Individual Author: 
Murphey, David
Cook, Elizabeth
Beckwith, Samuel
Belford, Jonathan

Health is a fundamental component of wellbeing. Children’s health affects their ability to succeed in school and engage in other learning opportunities within the contexts of their family, neighborhood, and community. This brief examines the relationship between the health of children and that of their parents, and between the availability of emotional support for parenting and children’s health, based on a large national sample. We use parent self-reports of health, which prior research has determined are valid measures of health status for both parents and their children.

Quality Rated Validation study report #4: Quality Rated star ratings and independent measures of quality, children’s growth, and work climate

Individual Author: 
Early, Diane
Maxwell, Kelly
Blasberg, Amy
Miranda, Brenda
Orfali, Nadia
Li, Weilin
Bultinck, Erin
Gebhart, Tracy
Mason, Rihana S.
Bingham, Gary E.

Quality Rated is Georgia’s systematic approach to assessing, improving, and communicating the level of quality in early care and education programs. In Quality Rated, center-based programs and family child care learning homes (FCCLHs) apply to receive a star rating based on a combination of an online portfolio and classroom observations of global quality using standardized tools called the Environment Rating Scales (ERS). 

Hispanic children’s participation in early care and education: Type of care by household nativity status, race/ethnicity, and child age

Individual Author: 
Crosby, Danielle A.
Mendez, Julia L.
Guzman, Lina
López, Michael

ECE programs, especially those that are high quality and center-based, have been shown to promote school readiness and early achievement for children in low-income families. Several studies have shown that low-income Hispanic parents, especially those who are foreign-born, are less likely than other parents to access some types of ECE services, particularly center-based arrangements. This brief from the National Research Center on Hispanic Children & Families provides a national snapshot of ECE participation among low-income Hispanic households.

5 things to know about the transition from foster care to adulthood

Individual Author: 
Connelly, Dana Dean
Jordan, Elizabeth

The transition from childhood to adulthood is a challenge in the best of circumstances. It takes a network of strong and stable connections with family, friends, and community to help young people learn and grow into healthy adults, and to support the incredible brain development that occurs during this time. But what about young people who have spent some or all of their childhood in foster care? Many of them lack these stable connections.

Children in poverty

Individual Author: 
Child Trends

After reaching 23 percent in 1993—the highest rate since 1964—child poverty (the percentage of children in families with income below 100 percent of the federal poverty level) fell to 16 percent in 2000. The rate then rose slowly through 2004, to 18 percent. Soon after, the child poverty rate began to reflect the most recent economic downturn. From 2006 to 2010, child poverty increased from 17 to 22 percent of all children under age 18, before declining from 2010 to 2017, to 17 percent.

Access to early care and education for disadvantaged families: Do levels of access reflect state’s child care subsidy policies?

Individual Author: 
Madill, Rebecca
Bui Lin, Van-Kim
Friese, Sarah
Paschall, Katherine

As of 2015, about one in five children in the United States lived at or below the federal poverty level. Many children living in poverty face multiple risk factors that are negatively associated with school readiness and later achievement. High-quality early care and education (ECE) can help close the gap between disadvantaged children and their more advantaged peers by improving school readiness, reducing risk for grade repetition and special education placement, and increasing high school graduation rates.

Supporting young people transitioning from foster care: Findings from a national survey

Individual Author: 
Fryar, Garet
Jordan, Elizabeth
DeVooght, Kerry

The transition from adolescence to adulthood is a time full of excitement, growth, and change. Critical brain development occurs during adolescence and early adulthood, and can be supported by strong and stable connections with family, friends, and community. With these supportive connections, young people can grow into healthy adults.

Healthy Marriage and Relationship Education programs for youth: An in-depth study of federally funded programs

Individual Author: 
Scott, Mindy E.
Karberg, Elizabeth
Huz, Ilana
Oster, Maryjo

Research finds that romantic relationships during adolescence are developmentally appropriate, and healthy relationships can be a positive developmental influence. Healthy Marriage and Relationship Education (HMRE) programs serving youth can improve young people’s attitudes, knowledge, and expectations of romantic relationships by helping them develop key skills to form healthy relationships (and avoid unhealthy ones). This may contribute to their overall development and prepare them to create and sustain healthy relationships, including marriage, later in life.

Family stability and instability among low-income Hispanic mothers with young children

Individual Author: 
Karberg, Elizabeth
Cabrera, Natasha
Fagan, Jay
Scott, Mindy E.
Guzman, Lina

In this brief, we examine patterns of stability and instability in family structure (i.e., change in romantic residential relationship status) among urban low-income Hispanic mothers with young children. We focus on mothers with young children because children’s early home experiences can have a profound influence on their well-being and life trajectories. Moreover, while couples tend to stay together during and immediately after a birth, relationship dissolution, one form of family instability, becomes more common during the child’s first years of life. (Author abstract)