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Association of maternal depressive symptoms and offspring physical health in low-income families

Individual Author: 
Thompson, Sarah M.
Jiang, Lu
Hammen, Constance
Whaley, Shannon E.

Objectives The present study sought to examine the association between maternal depressive symptoms and characteristics of offspring physical health, including health status, health behaviors, and healthcare utilization, among low-income families. Maternal engagement was explored as a mediator of observed effects. Methods Cross-sectional survey data from a community sample of 4589 low-income women and their preschool-age children participating in the WIC program in Los Angeles County were analyzed using logistic, Poisson, and zero-inflated negative binomial regression.

The co-development of parenting stress and childhood internalizing and externalizing problems

Individual Author: 
Stone, Lisanne L.
Mares, Suzanne H.W.
Otten, Roy
Engels, Rutger C.M.E.
Janssens, Jan M.A.M.

Although the detrimental influence of parenting stress on child problem behavior is well established, it remains unknown how these constructs affect each other over time. In accordance with a transactional model, this study investigates how the development of internalizing and externalizing problems is related to the development of parenting stress in children aged 4–9. Mothers of 1582 children participated in three one-year interval data waves. Internalizing and externalizing problems as well as parenting stress were assessed by maternal self-report.

The association of parent mindfulness with parenting and youth psychopathology across three developmental stages

Individual Author: 
Parent, Justin
McKee, Laura G.
Mahon, Jennifer
Foreh, Rex

The primary purpose of the current study was to test a model examining the process by which parent dispositional mindfulness relates to youth psychopathology through mindful parenting and parenting practices. The universality of the model across youth at three developmental stages was examined: young childhood (3 – 7 yrs.; n = 210), middle childhood (8 – 12 yrs.; n = 200), and adolescence (13 – 17 yrs.; n = 205). Overall, participants were 615 parents (55 % female) and one of their 3-to-17 year old children (45 % female).

Family relationships and parenting practices: A pathway to adolescents' collectivist and individualist values?

Individual Author: 
Prioste, Ana
Narciso, Isabel
Gonçalves, Miguel M.
Pereira, Cícero R.

Adolescents’ perceptions of parenting and family relationships are important variables for identifying mechanisms involved in how children acquire values and how these values are transmitted through families. In a sample of 515 adolescents, we investigated whether perceptions of the quality of parental practices would predict adolescents’ collectivist and individualist values. We hypothesized that perceived quality of family relations would mediate the relationship between the quality of parental practices and collectivist values but not of individualist values.

Family wealth and parent-child relationships

Individual Author: 
Ramdahl, Mai Emilie
Jensen, Sofie Skjelstad
Borgund, Eleni
Samdal, Oddrun
Torsheim, Torbjørn

This study examined associations between self-reported family wealth and parent–child relationships, by contrasting three theoretical perspectives on the shape of the association. The study utilized data from the Norwegian part of the “Health behaviour in school-aged children study (HBSC) 2013/2014”, with a sample of 3383 children aged 11–15 years old. The shape of associations between family wealth and parent–child communication were tested using regression spline models with knots at 1 SD below mean family wealth and at 1 SD above mean family wealth.

Impact of neighborhood safety on the association between parental knowledge and delinquency

Individual Author: 
King, Yemimah A.
Fite, Paula J.
Poquiz, Jonathan L.

It is important to understand the role of sources of parental knowledge within the context of perceived neighborhood safety, which has clear implications for how parents should effectively gain knowledge of youth behavior depending on the perceived safety of the neighborhood in which they reside.

Family poverty, family processes and children’s preschool achievement: Understanding the unique role of fathers

Individual Author: 
Baker, Claire E.
Kainz, Kirsten L.
Reynolds, Elizabeth R.

Developmental research has highlighted the importance of fathers for children’s early academic success, and growing evidence suggests that children living in poverty may benefit the most from positive father involvement. Using a subsample of children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), this study examined direct and mediated pathways from family poverty to children’s preschool achievement.

Beyond family demographics, community risk influences maternal engagement in home visiting

Individual Author: 
Cho, Junhan
Terris, Darcey D.
Glisson, Rachael E.
Bae, Dayoung
Brown, Anita

The present study investigated the influence of multi-level determinants on home visiting participation outcomes. Home visiting participation was assessed by: (1) duration of participation (i.e., retention); (2) number of home visits completed (i.e., dosage), and (3) number of home visits completed divided by the duration of participation (i.e., intensity). The sample consisted of 1024 mothers (mean age 22.89 years) who participated in home visiting funded through Georgia’s Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) program.

Disseminating a parenting intervention in the community: Experiences from a multi-site-evaluation

Individual Author: 
Maupin, Angela N.
Samuel, Emily
Nappi, Susan M.
Heath, Jennifer M.
Smith, Megan V.

Circle of Security-Parenting (COS-P) is a widely used parenting intervention that is gaining popularity globally as it is currently being delivered across several continents. Despite the global uptake of COS-P, there is limited research on its effectiveness with considerable variability in its delivery. Here we present a multi-site evaluation of the group delivery of COS-P to under-resourced mothers (n = 131 enrolled) in an urban community as facilitated by community-based providers (n = 12) from community sites (n = 6) that provide maternal and child services.

Patterns in participation: Factors influencing parent attendance at two, centre-based early childhood interventions

Individual Author: 
Heath, Steve M.
Wigley, Charles A.
Hogben, John H.
Fletcher, Janet
Collins, Peta
Boyle, Gemma L.
Eustice, Stephanie

Interventions training parents of at-risk children have received considerable empirical support but their effectiveness is undermined by low attendance rates. This research sought to clarify why parents, even with the best of intentions, fail to follow through to full participation in workshop programs; and to provide insight into ways to improve parental engagement. We examined participation in Parents as Partners, a school-based, early childhood intervention.