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Urban Institute

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Hiring well, doing good in Georgia: Employment and earnings patterns and perspectives on policy

Individual Author: 
Lerman, Robert I.

Georgia’s economy suffered higher job losses in percentage terms than the US average during the Great Recession but regained jobs faster as well. This report examines Georgia’s job market and how to improve its performance. It covers educational, employment, and wage patterns by demographic group, family status, and region. The focus is on recent high school dropouts and graduates. The policy section reviews Georgia’s employment, training, and career-focused education programs and recommends approaches that can increase the job market success of Georgia’s young adults.

Family-centered approaches to workforce program services: Findings from a survey of workforce development boards

Individual Author: 
Spaulding, Shayne
Gebrekristos, Semhar

Access to stable employment with adequate pay is critical for families’ stability and livelihood. The public workforce system helps job seekers access training and jobs and can contribute to the economic stability of children, yet we know little about how the system meets families’ needs. This report provides a picture of workforce program services for parents under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), the primary law authorizing programs under the public workforce system, which was signed into law in 2014.

Who could be affected by Kentucky's Medicaid work requirements, and what do we know about them?

Individual Author: 
Gangopadhyaya, Anuj
Kenney, Genevieve

This brief revises our earlier analysis on who could be affected by Kentucky’s Medicaid work requirements based on new information posted on Kentucky’s website. We no longer include non-SSI dual Medicare and Medicaid enrollees in our main analysis and have revised all estimates in the text, tables, and appendix accordingly. We also discuss the waiver notices and information being conveyed to Kentucky’s enrollees and update information on the other states that have received approval to implement work requirements in their Medicaid programs. (Author abstract) 

Is limited English proficiency a barrier to homeownership?

Individual Author: 
Golding, Edward
Goodman, Laurie
Strochak, Sarah

This brief reports on research which establishes that limited English proficiency is an additional barrier to homeownership. The researchers first define and identify the 5.3 million heads of household in the United States with limited English proficiency (LEP). Using descriptive analysis and regression models, they then determine that, at the zip code level, higher rates of LEP are associated with lower homeownership rates.

Improving child care subsidy programs: Findings from the Work Support Strategies evaluation

Individual Author: 
Hahn, Heather
Rohacek, Monica
Isaacs, Julia

Child care subsidies are critical for the well-being of low-income families, including parents’ economic success and children’s development. To inform state efforts to simplify access to child care subsidies and improve service delivery, this report highlights steps taken and lessons learned by five states that participated in the Work Support Strategies initiative between 2012 and 2015. These states worked to improve child care subsidy access and retention, efficiency of service delivery, quality of client service, and alignment with other benefit programs.

The road to school: How far students travel to school in the choice-rich cities of Denver, Detroit, New Orleans, New York City, and Washington, DC

Individual Author: 
Blagg, Kristin
Chingos, Matthew
Corcoran, Sean P.
Cordes, Sarah A.
Cowen, Joshua
Denice, Patrick
Gross, Betheny
Lincove, Jane Arnold
Sattin-Bajaj, Carolyn
Schwartz, Amy Ellen
Valant, Jon

How to get to school is an important issue for families who want to send their children to schools outside their neighborhood and for education policymakers seeking to implement school choice policies that mitigate educational inequality. We analyze travel times between the homes and schools of nearly 190,000 students across five large US cities that offer a significant amount of educational choice:  Denver, Detroit, New Orleans, New York City, and Washington, DC. We find: 

Early results of the TAACCCT grants

Individual Author: 
Durham, Christin
Eyster, Lauren
Mikelson, Kelly S.
Cohen, Elissa

The Trade Adjustment Assistance Community College and Career Training (TAACCCT) grant program is a $2 billion federal workforce investment aimed at helping community colleges across the nation increase their capacity to provide education and training programs for in-demand jobs. The US Department of Labor (DOL) administers the seven year grant program in partnership with the US Department of Education. This brief presents preliminary results on key outcomes and characteristics of grant-funded program participants from the first four years of TAACCCT.

New evidence on integrated career pathways: Final impact report for Accelerating Opportunity

Individual Author: 
Anderson, Theresa
Kuehn, Daniel
Eyster, Lauren
Barnow, Burt S.
Lerman, Robert I.

This final impact report describes the effect of Accelerating Opportunity (AO) on education and employment outcomes for underprepared adult learners. Designed and led by Jobs for the Future and national partners, AO allowed adults with low basic skills to enroll in integrated career pathways at community and technical colleges. The quasi-experimental impact analysis shows that AO students earned more credentials while taking fewer credits, suggesting more efficient course-taking and accelerated learning.

The antipoverty effects of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Individual Author: 
Wheaton, Laura
Tran, Victoria

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which helps millions of poor and low-income Americans purchase food, is the nation’s largest nutrition assistance program. This analysis estimates SNAP’s effect on poverty using the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM). We augment the Census Bureau’s SPM to correct for the underreporting of SNAP and other means-tested benefits in the underlying survey data. We find that SNAP removed 8.4 million people from poverty in 2015, reducing the poverty rate from 15.4 percent to 12.8 percent (a reduction of 17 percent).