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2021 poverty projections: Assessing the impact of benefits and stimulus measures

Individual Author: 
Wheaton, Laura
Giannarelli, Linda
Dehry, Ilham

In an earlier brief, we estimated that the American Rescue Plan Act, enacted in March 2021, would reduce the 2021 annual poverty rate to 8.7 percent (Wheaton et al. 2021). We now project a 2021 poverty rate of 7.7 percent for 2021. The revised projection accounts for improvements in the economy, incorporates updated state-level information on pandemic-related policies, and improves the method for weighting the data to reflect 2021.

Federal reforms to strengthen housing stability, affordability, and choice: Opportunity for All housing policy brief

Individual Author: 
Reynolds, Kathryn
Lo, Lydia
Boshart, Abby
Galvez, Martha, M.

Among the many pressing issues for the Biden administration to tackle are the challenges of instituting national housing policies that address housing stability and affordability and that ensure affordable housing is built and preserved in neighborhoods of opportunity. These challenges are not new, and some issues, particularly for renters and communities of color, have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Stabilizing families in supportive housing

Individual Author: 
McDaniel, Marla
Gillespie, Sarah
Hong, Ashley
Cunningham, Mary
Pergamit, Mary

Children experiencing homelessness or living in inadequate and unstable housing are exposed to many risks, including a heightened threat of involvement with the child welfare system if they face neglect, poor safety, abuse, or other harms. For families involved in the child welfare system who are homeless or at risk of becoming homeless, having stable housing could mitigate these risks and make the difference between staying together as a family or being separated.

Breaking the link between hardship and eviction: The case for a renters' housing stability program

Individual Author: 
Brennan, Maya
Sahli, Ellen
Elliott, Diana
Noble, Eleanor

The economic fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic has underscored the precarious situation of renters in the US and the routine risk of eviction when hardship strikes. Millions of renters faced financial hardship even before the pandemic, and these hardships and eviction risks are connected to structural racism. Racial disparities in incomes, homeownership rates, and personal savings all disproportionately protect white households and leave households of color—especially Black mothers—exposed.

COVID-19: Global health equity in pandemic response

Individual Author: 
Ivers, Louise C.
Walton, David A.

As the world struggles with the rapidly evolving pandemic of novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), evidence and experience suggest that low-income and marginalized communities in our global society will bear the biggest impact. Weknow this because, with our colleagues in Boston, Haiti, Uganda, and Sierra Leone, we have worked in under-resourced, overstretched, and overwhelmed health systems for our whole careers.

The COVID-19 pandemic Is straining families’ abilities to afford basic needs: Low-income and Hispanic families the hardest hit

Individual Author: 
Karpman, Michael
Zuckerman, Stephen
Gonzalez, Dulce
Kenney, Genevieve M.

As it confronts the COVID-19 pandemic, the US faces what could be its worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. A successful government response to the economic consequences of the pandemic is critical for sustaining families’ health and well-being and allowing families to remain housed as major sectors of the economy remain closed. The success of this response will partly depend on its effectiveness in reaching the families hardest hit by the loss of jobs and incomes.

Using administrative data for social worker outreach for homeless families at risk for child maltreatment

Individual Author: 
Ghesquiere, Angela
Kealey, Edith
Dinan, Kinsey

This presentation was given at the 57th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Workshop in 2019. This presentation provides an overview of the New York City Department of Social Services' use of administrative data to determine risk for child maltreatment amongst homeless families. The analysis is part of efforts related to New York City's High Risk/High Needs initiative. 

The decline of cash assistance and the well-being of poor households with children

Individual Author: 
Shaefer, H. Luke
Edin, Kathryn
Fusaro, Vincent
Wu, Pinghui

Since the early 1990s, the social safety net for families with children in the United States has undergone an epochal transformation. Aid to poor working families has become more generous. In contrast, assistance to the deeply poor has declined sharply, and what remains often takes the form of in-kind aid. A historical view finds that this dramatic change mirrors others. For centuries, the nature and form of poor relief has been driven in part by shifting cultural notions of which social groups constitute the “deserving” and “undeserving” poor. This line was firmly redrawn in the 1990s.

Youth–Adult connectedness: A key protective factor for adolescent health

Individual Author: 
Sieving, Renee E.
McRee, Annie-Laurie
McMorris, Barbara J.
Shlafer, Rebecca J.
Gower, Amy L.
Kapa, Hillary M.
Beckman, Kara J.
Plowman, Shari L.
Resnick, Michael D.
Doty, Jennifer L.

Over the past 30 years, prevention science in the adolescent health field has moved from interventions focused on preventing single problem behaviors to efforts employing a dual approach, addressing risk factors that predict problems while simultaneously nurturing protective factors and promoting positive development. Through an examination of previous research and empirical case examples with vulnerable youth, this article considers the hypothesis that adolescents’ sense of connectedness to caring adults acts as a protective factor against a range of risk behaviors.

What would help DC residents have greater financial security?

Individual Author: 
Elliott, Diana
Quakenbush, Caleb

Washington, DC, is a city of contrasts with respect to residents’ financial security. While some residents are among the country’s most financially secure, others find it hard to make ends meet. High housing costs, unequal opportunity, and economically segregated neighborhoods make it challenging for some residents to feel financially secure and to weather unexpected expenses and emergencies.