We use data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study to consider the effects of maternal incarceration on 21 caregiver- and teacher-reported behavioral problems among 9-year-old children. The results suggest three primary conclusions. First, children of incarcerated mothers are a disadvantaged group that exhibit high levels of caregiver- and teacher-reported behavioral problems.
Each of the main chapters in this dissertation deal broadly with issues of poverty and inequality in the United States from an empirical microeconomics perspective. I approach these issues from two distinct angles. First, I examine various aspects of a large government transfer program that has received virtually no research attention from economists---the public provision of attorneys for poor people accused of crimes.
Previous work has found that incarceration (defined as confinement in an adult correctional facility) has a variety of impacts on the incarcerated individual and their families including effects on employment and income, educational outcomes of children, and food insecurity (Wallace and Cox ). However, previous literature does not identify a causal impact of incarceration on food insecurity. From a policy perspective, identification of a causal link may aid in understanding why some affected families experience food insecurity, while similarly situated families do not.
This article advises on how corrections officers should handle child support orders as part of a successful criminal offender rehabilitation and reintegration process. It responds to questions of responsibility for child support when the father was previously unaware of the child, determination of the amount of child support, and deduction of child support from wages. It details grants from the U.S. Federal Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) to states including Maryland and Colorado. (Author abstract)
This research brief describes the challenges that mothers face while incarcerated and upon reentry, as well as other groups affected by maternal incarceration. It also examines the implications of maternal incarceration for Healthy Marriage and Responsible Fatherhood (HMRF) programs and their participants. (author abstract)
This background report aims to inform the child support community of the range of initiatives and efforts dealing with reentry, including relevant in- prison programming. We present a synopsis of key reentry research, current and recently completed, that relates to offenders and ex-offenders with family responsibilities. Reviewing the primary issues and services, the report draws from many sources, such as Bureau of Justice Statistics reports and prisoner reentry studies conducted by the Urban Institute and Vera Institute of Justice. (Author summary)
High U.S. incarceration rates have motivated recent research on the negative effects of imprisonment on later employment, earnings, and family relationships. Because most men in jail and prison are fathers, a large number of children may be placed at considerable risk by policies of incarceration. This article examines one dimension of the economic risk faced by children of incarcerated fathers: the reduction in the financial support that they receive. We use a population-based sample of urban children to examine the effects of incarceration on this support.
In the vast literature on racial and ethnic inequalities, most studies focus on how discrete, measurable things get allocated across groups. “Who benefits,” researchers ask as they examine the allocation of goods, “and why do some get more than others?” Such questions rightly lie at the heart of our collective effort to understand how inequalities persist and change. Yet they are not the whole of it.
This research assessed whether a reentry program targeted towards high-risk short-term prison inmates significantly reduced recidivism. Adult male release violators serving incarceration periods of two to six months in two Minnesota state prisons were randomly assigned to either the control group or the High-Risk Revocation Reduction (HRRR) program.
This study analyzes the intergenerational transmission of incarceration in a sample of youth from a Michigan study of youth sentenced to juvenile facilities and adult prisons. The social exclusion framework from Murray (2007) was used to examine the correlates of parental incarceration for youth who themselves are incarcerated. Cluster analysis identified 10 factors that showed significant differences among low, medium, and high rates of parental incarceration.