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Mobility-on-demand versus fixed-route transit systems: An evaluation of traveler preferences in low-income communities

Individual Author: 
Yan, Xiang
Zhao, Xilei
Han, Yuan
Van Hentenryck, Pascal
Dillahunt, Tawanna

Emerging transportation technologies, such as ride-hailing and autonomous vehicles, are disrupting the transportation sector and transforming public transit. Some transit observers envision future public transit to be integrated transit systems with fixed-route services running along major corridors and on-demand ridesharing services covering lower-density areas. A switch from conventional fixed-route service model to this kind of integrated mobility-on-demand transit system, however, may elicit varied responses from local residents.

A new response to child support noncompliance: Introducing the Procedural Justice-Informed Alternatives to Contempt project

Individual Author: 
Mage, Caroline
Baird, Peter
Miller, Cynthia

This study brief describes an alternative to the civil contempt process intended to increase engagement and consistent and reliable payments among noncompliant noncustodial parents. The Procedural Justice-Informed Alternatives to Contempt (PJAC) demonstration project was developed by OCSE to adapt and apply principles of procedural justice to child support compliance eforts. Procedural justice is also referred to as procedural fairness.

Barrier Busters: Unconditional cash transfers as a strategy to promote economic self-sufficiency

Individual Author: 
Moore, Stephanie S.
Gordon, Michael
Gahan, Elise
Gowda, Julie

Neighborhood Network (NN) was launched in 2012 as a strategy to promote economic self-sufficiency among residents of a low-income neighborhood in Detroit. NN, a program convened by a nonprofit human services agency in the city, coordinates various services provided by seven nonprofit organizations and connects residents with resources that help them work toward their goals. NN Coordinators met regularly with participants to set goals, discuss progress, and connect them with appropriate resources, such as entrepreneurship training, financial literacy resources, and childcare.

Communication matters: A long-term follow-up study of child savings account program participation

Individual Author: 
Blumenthal, Anne
Shanks, Trina R.

As they are a long-term policy instrument, the results of many child savings account (CSA) programs take decades to realize. Because of this, important questions regarding the long-term impacts of the programs, as well as participants' perceptions regarding the programs' long-term impacts, are unanswered. In this study, we present findings from a qualitatively driven complex mixed methods follow-up of the first large CSA demonstration project, the quasi-experimental Michigan Saving for Education, Entrepreneurship, and Downpayment (SEED) program.

The gap within the gap: Using longitudinal data to understand income differences in educational outcomes

Individual Author: 
Michelmore, Katherine
Dynarski, Susan

Gaps in educational achievement between high- and low-income children are growing. Administrative data sets maintained by states and districts lack information about income but do indicate whether a student is eligible for subsidized school meals. We leverage the longitudinal structure of these data sets to develop a new measure of economic disadvantage. Half of eighth graders in Michigan are eligible for a subsidized meal, but just 14% have been eligible for subsidized meals in every grade since kindergarten.

Precision in measurement: Using state-level Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families administrative records and the Transfer Income Model (TRIM3) to evaluate poverty measurement

Individual Author: 
Shantz, Kathryn
Fox, Liana E.

Policy leaders look to quality data and statistics to help inform and guide programmatic decisions. As a result, assessing the quality and validity of major household surveys in capturing accurate program participation is essential. One method for evaluating survey quality is to compare self-reported program participation in surveys to administrative records from the program itself. In this paper, we are interested in understanding two issues.

Something in the pipe: Flint water crisis and health at birth

Individual Author: 
Wang, Rui
Chen, Xi
Li, Xun

Flint changed its public water source in 2014, causing severe water contaminations. We estimate the effect of in utero exposure to contaminated water on health at birth using the recent Flint water crisis as a natural experiment. Matching vital statistics birth records with various sources of data, this paper employs a difference-in-differences method as well as a synthetic control method to identify its causal impact on key birth outcomes.

Child support cooperation requirements in child care subsidy programs and SNAP: Key policy considerations

Individual Author: 
Selekman, Rebekah
Holcomb, Pamela

The EMPOWERED study, conducted on behalf of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, examines the use of performance measures, work requirements, and child support cooperation requirements across human services programs. This issue brief examines the use of child support cooperation requirements in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) program and child care subsidy programs funded under the Child Care Development Fund (CCDF). (Author summary)

Taking action to address child poverty: APA poverty curriculum module 4

Individual Author: 
Bostwick, Susan
Ford-Jones, Lee
Nakhasi, Ambica
Osta, Amanda
Solomon, Barry

The Academic Pediatric Association (APA) Task Force on Child Poverty convened the Education Subcommittee to develop educational tools to promote understanding of the impact of poverty and other social determinants of health on child well-being over the life course and across generations. (Author introduction)

Leading the way: Characteristics and early experiences of selected Early Head Start programs. Volume II: Program profiles

Individual Author: 
Berlin, Lisa J.
Kisker, Ellen Eliason
Love, John M.
Raikes, Helen
Boller, Kimberly
Paulsell, Diane
Rosenberg, Linda
Coolahan, Kathleen

This volume and its companion volumes are the first of two reports designed to share the experiences of the 17 Early Head Start research programs with others. The first report focuses on the programs early in their implementation (fall 1997), approximately two years after they were funded and one year after they began serving families. Volume I examines the characteristics and experiences of the 17 research programs from a cross-site perspective, focusing on the similarities and differences among the programs in fall 1997.