Skip to main content
Back to Top



HOST youth: The challenges of growing up in low-income housing

Individual Author: 
Jordan, Reed
Mireles, Amanda
Popkin, Susan

The Housing Opportunities and Services Together (HOST) Demonstration is testing the feasibility and effectiveness of two generation intensive service models in distressed public and mixed-income housing communities. This brief draws on findings from the 2012 survey of parents and youth living in the first two HOST sites - Chicago's Altgeld Gardens and Portland's New Columbia and Humboldt Gardens - to illustrate how HOST youth were faring at the start of the HOST intervention.

Building a comprehensive youth employment delivery system: Examples of effective practice

Individual Author: 
Hastings, Sara
Tsoi-A-Fatt, Rhonda
Harris, Linda

Many communities have shown tremendous commitment to youth employment. The return on investment and effort, however, can be greatly multiplied if federal youth funds, discretionary funding, resources from other youth serving systems, and community resources are brought together to build comprehensive youth employment system. Key elements of such a system include: a strong convening entity, an effective administrative agent, a well-trained case management arm, strong partnerships across systems that serve youth, and high quality work experience and career exposure. (author abstract)

Parenting behavior in a sample of young mothers in poverty: Results of the New Chance Observational Study

Individual Author: 
Zaslow, Martha
Eldred, Carolyn

The New Chance Observational Study — the subject of this monograph — is an in-depth examination of parenting behavior in 290 of the 2,322 families studied in the New Chance Demonstration, a national research and demonstration program operated between 1989 and 1992 at 16 locations in 10 states. The demonstration tested a program model intended to improve the economic prospects and overall well-being of low-income young mothers (aged 16 to 22) and their children through a comprehensive and intensive set of services.

Economic security for vulnerable families: Themes and options for workforce development and asset strategies

Individual Author: 
Golden, Olivia
Loprest, Pamela
Mills, Gregory

This report explores workforce and asset development strategies for improving the economic security of extremely vulnerable families, those facing major challenges beyond poverty. Evidence drawn from the authors' own research, their review of relevant literature, and learning sessions conducted by the Annie E.

The National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies: Four-year impacts of ten programs on employment stability and earnings growth

Individual Author: 
Freedman, Stephen

This paper explores whether programs in the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS) helped welfare recipients attain employment stability and earn more over time. These outcomes (defined in greater detail below) are important prerequisites for achieving long-term self-sufficiency and have served as goals of welfare-to-work programs past and present. The need for programs to promote stable employment and earnings growth has grown stronger since passage of PRWORA, which imposes time limits on most families’ eligibility to receive federally funded welfare benefits.

Coordination and integration of welfare and workforce development systems

Individual Author: 
Pindus, Nancy
Koralek, Robin
Martinson, Karin
Trutko, John

The policy context for both welfare programs and employment and training programs operated by the workforce development system has changed dramatically in the past few years.  The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996 requires welfare agencies to focus more than in the past on moving welfare recipients into employment.  PRWORA provides funding to welfare agencies in the form of a block grant, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), to support efforts to achieve this objective.  The need to move more TANF clients into work activities and job

Evaluating alternative Welfare-to-Work approaches: Two-year impacts for eleven programs

Individual Author: 
Freedman, Stephen
Friedlander, Daniel
Hamilton, Gayle
Rock, JoAnn
Mitchell, Marisa
Nudelman, Jodi
Schweder, Amanda
Storto, Laura

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of August 19961 ended the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, one of the nation’s principal safety nets for poor families.

Do mandatory Welfare-to-Work programs affect the well-being of children?

Individual Author: 
Hamilton, Gayle
Freedman, Stephen
McGroder, Sharon M.

Since its inception the primary goal of the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) program, as well as successor programs funded under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), has been to provide government support for poor children. Over the years, this public assistance has become more and more predicated on custodial parents' involvement in work or mandatory welfare-to-work program activities, as policymakers have sought to balance the goal of fostering poor children's well-being with that of encouraging adults' self-sufficiency.

What works best for whom: Impacts of 20 Welfare-to-Work programs by subgroup

Individual Author: 
Michalopoulos, Charles
Schwartz, Christine
Adams-Ciardullo, Diana

In 1996, Congress radically transformed the nation’s cash assistance welfare program when it passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA). The legislation replaced the 60-year-old Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) entitlement program with Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), a funding mechanism that provides states with block grants and considerable flexibility in designing their welfare programs.

Moving people from welfare to work: Lessons from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies

Individual Author: 
Hamilton, Gayle

Over the past three decades, federal and state policymakers have created a variety of programs with the common goal of moving people from welfare to work.  How to go about increasing employment among welfare recipients, however, has long been debated.  By laying out the lessons learned from the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS) — the most ambitious welfare employment study to date — this research synthesis provides answers to critical questions in the welfare-to-work policy discussion.