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Filling the Medicaid gap with a public option

Individual Author: 
Holahan, John
Simpson, Michael

As of July 2021, 12 states have not expanded Medicaid as permitted by the Affordable Care Act,  contributing to 5.8 million people with incomes below the federal poverty level being without coverage. One approach to help cover people in this “Medicaid gap” would be to have the federal government make Marketplace coverage available to those between current Medicaid eligibility levels and  the federal poverty level. An alternative would be to employ a public option plan in the Marketplace to for the same population.

What would it take to reduce inequities in healthy life expectancy?

Individual Author: 
Kenney, Genevieve M.
Waidmann, Timothy
Skope, Laura
Allen, Eva H.

What if everyone had the same prospects for living a long and healthy life, no matter who they are or where they call home? In this future, all people live in safe and healthy environments; enjoy reliable access to health care, nutritious food, and stable housing; and have the knowledge and opportunities to make healthy choices about diet and exercise. And none of us has to contend with the harms of persistent racial discrimination, violence, trauma, and injustice.

How far did SNAP benefits fall short of covering the cost of a meal in 2020?

Individual Author: 
Waxman, Elaine
Gundersen, Craig
Fiol, Olivia

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the primary federal food assistance program, aims to reduce hunger and food insecurity by augmenting low-income families’ purchasing power. However, the effectiveness of SNAP can be limited in a variety of ways, including by maximum benefit level, challenges with the Thrifty Food Plan (TFP), and geographic variation in food prices. In an earlier version of this brief, we documented one of these limitations: the failure of the SNAP benefit to account for the wide geographic variation in food prices across the US.

An equitable strategy for public housing redevelopment

Individual Author: 
Popkin, Susan J.
Levy, Diane K.
O'Brien, Mica
Boshart, Abby

Repairing the aging, deteriorating public housing stock is a major challenge facing the Biden administration. We draw on three decades of research to highlight shortcomings in past public housing redevelopment programs such as HOPE VI and Choice Neighborhoods, including the loss of critically needed units and a lack of meaningful resident engagement in planning for redevelopment, relocation, and services. But future public housing redevelopment efforts can go beyond the mixed-income approach of past and ongoing initiatives and promote racial equity.

Creating moves to opportunity: Experimental evidence on barriers to neighborhood choice

Individual Author: 
Bergman, Peter
Chetty, Raj
DeLuca, Stefanie
Hendren, Nathaniel
Katz, Lawrence
Palmer, Christopher

Low-income families in the United States tend to live in neighborhoods that offer limited opportunities for upward income mobility. One potential explanation for this pattern is that low-income families prefer such neighborhoods for other reasons, such as affordability or proximity to family and jobs. An alternative explanation is that families do not move to high-opportunity areas because of barriers that prevent them from making such moves.

Laid off more, hired less: Black workers in the COVID-19 recession

Individual Author: 
Williams, Jhacova

This COVID-19 recession/recovery is akin to a schoolyard game of kickball. As the economy tries to rebound, companies are adding workers to their team, yet a group is being picked last—Black workers.

This isn't the first time, either. When the Great Recession began, Black workers' unemployment rate increased to double digits and remained that high for more than six years. In comparison, the unemployment rate among white workers never reached double digits during the Great Recession or its recovery.

97% of women who returned to the labor force in June are unemployed and looking for work

Individual Author: 
Ewing-Nelson, Claire
Tucker, Jasmine

The most recent Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) monthly jobs report shows that the economy gained 850,000 jobs in June 2021, marking an increase in job growth after 583,000 jobs were gained in May 2021. Women accounted for 47.6% of job gains last month, gaining 405,000 jobs while men gained 445,000. Nevertheless, women would need more than 9 straight months of job gains at last month’s level to recover the nearly 3.8 million net jobs they have lost since February 2020. (author abstract)

Accelerating equity and justice basic income and generational wealth

Individual Author: 
Shapiro, Tom
Meschede, Tatjana
Pugh, Jim
Morgan, Jamie
Stewart, Sylvia

Accelerating Equity and Justice focuses on the promise of guaranteed basic income and generational wealth accumulation to alleviate poverty, shift narratives that question the deservedness of social assistance and lessen racial wealth inequality. The report highlights the urgent need for bold, disruptive, and transformational policy with equity, well-being, and racial justice at the center.

Entrepreneurship and the racial wealth gap: The impact of entrepreneurial success or failure on the wealth mobility of Black and White families

Individual Author: 
Kroeger, Teresa
Wright, Graham

Research has repeatedly argued that increasing the rate at which Black people start businesses could reduce the racial wealth gap between Black and white families, but increasing the rate of Black entrepreneurship may actually exacerbate the racial wealth gap, due to the economic cost associated with business closure.