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Infant and Toddlers

Public health surveillance of prenatal opioid exposure in mothers and infants

Individual Author: 
Honein, Margaret A.
Boyle, Coleen
Redfield, Robert R.

The US opioid crisis is the public health emergency of our time and requires urgent public health action to monitor and protect the most vulnerable Americans. We have witnessed a startling death toll in 2017 with 70 237 drug overdose deaths in the United States, of which two-thirds involved opioids. The devastating consequences of this epidemic for mothers and infants have received less attention.

Prenatal risk factors and perinatal and postnatal outcomes associated wtih maternal opioid exposure in an urban, low-income multiethnic US population

Individual Author: 
Azuine, Romuladus E.
Ji, Yuelong
Chang, Hsing-Yuan
Kim, Yoona
Ji, Hongkai
DiBari, Jessica
Hong, Xiumei
Wang, Guoying
Singh, Gopal K.
Pearson, Colleen
Zuckerman, Barry
Surkan, Pamela J.
Wang, Xiaobin
Importance: The opioid epidemic increasingly affects pregnant women and developing fetuses, resulting in high rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome. However, longitudinal studies that prospectively observe newborns with neonatal abstinence syndrome or with maternal opioid use and examine their long-term physical and neurodevelopmental outcomes are lacking.
Objective: To examine prenatal risk factors associated with maternal opioid use during pregnancy and the short-term and long-term health consequences on their children.

HRSA’s home visiting program: Supporting families impacted by opioid use and neonatal abstinence syndrome

Individual Author: 
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration

The Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting (MIECHV) Program supports voluntary, evidence-based home visiting services for at-risk pregnant women and parents with young children up to kindergarten entry.

Mother’s education and children’s outcomes: How dual-generation programs offer increased opportunities for America’s families

Individual Author: 
Hernandez, Donald J.
Napierala, Jeffrey S.

Mother’s Education and Children’s Outcomes: How Dual-Generation Programs Offer Increased Opportunities for America’s Children is the second in a series of the Foundation for Child Development’s Disparities Among America’s Children reports.

Enhancing workforce and early childhood education participation through collaborative provision of diapers

Individual Author: 
Comer, Lynn H.
Stolfi Alfano, Janet
Massengale, Kelley

This presentation is from the 57th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Workshop in 2019. It provides an overview of the impacts of a diaper bank program in Connecticut. The diaper bank program, runs collaboratively through The Diaper Bank of Connecticut and the National Diaper Bank Network in connection with community-based organizations, not only improves parent and child health, but also improves access to childcare or early education programs, reduces work and school forced absences, and improves parent take-home pay.

A better future for children: Family focused child support-child welfare services

Individual Author: 
Potts, Diane

These presentations are from the 57th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Workshop. This presentation provides an overview on research analyzing the effects of mandatory child support cooperation on TANF participants, using Minnesota as a case study. The presentation questions the justification for mandatory cooperation from fiscal social policy standpoints and calls for further research in this area.

Racial equity in early childhood: Using disaggregated data to inform state policies

Individual Author: 
Cosse, Ruth
Schulman, Karen
Schmit, Stephanie
Johnson, Kimberly

These PowerPoints are from the 57th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Workshop. The presentation highlighted findings from analyses of the state policies related to Child Care and Development Block Grant. Analyses of disaggregated data provided a deeper look into racial equity in child care policy, as well. Various methodologies were used across the presentations. Stephanie Schmit from the Center of Law and Social Policy (CLASP) moderated the discussion.

Availability of child care in rural communities: Implications for workforce recruitment and retention

Individual Author: 
Henning-Smith, Carrie
Kozhimannil, Katy B.

The objective of this study was to identify differences in child care availability by rural–urban location for all counties in Wisconsin, and describe implications for recruitment and retention of health care workforce. We used data on licensed child care slots for young children (age <5), socio-demographic characteristics, women’s and men’s labor force participation, and household structure for all counties in Wisconsin in 2013 (n = 72). Data came from KIDS COUNT, County Health Rankings, and the American Community Survey.