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Adolescent physical activity: Role of school support, role models, and social participation in racial and income disparities

Individual Author: 
Babey, Susan H.
Wolstein, Joelle
Diamant, Allison L.

Few youth meet current physical activity recommendations. Protective social factors such as having a role model, social participation, and adult support at school may help promote youth physical activity. This study used data from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey to examine the extent to which role models, social participation, and support at school promote physical activity among groups at risk of inactivity and obesity, specifically low-income youth and youth of color.

Measuring caseload dynamics and earnings outcomes for TANF participants: State experiences from a Family Self-Sufficiency Data Center initiative

Individual Author: 
Gjertson, Leah
George, Robert
Wiegand, Emily

This presentation was given at the 57th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Workshop in 2019. The presentation, moderated by Mark Fauth, highlights efforts by states to measure caseload dynamics and earnings outcomes for TANF participants through the Family Self Sufficiency Data Center Initiative. 

Paid family leave: Supporting work and family stability among lower income mothers

Individual Author: 
Winston, Pam
Bennett, Rashaun
Antelo, Lauren
Coombs, Elizabeth

This presentation was given at the 57th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Workshop in 2019. The presentation highlights barriers to workforce participation and family stability for low SES new mothers and provides the results of a study on the effects of paid family leave. Paid family leave was shown to both affect mothers' likelihood to their likelihood to spend time at home with their new babies and their likelihood to return to work at all, though current family leave policies were shown to be inadequate to meet mothers' needs.

Subsidized employment and social enterprise: Findings from recent RCTs

Individual Author: 
Bloom, Dan
Maxwell, Nan
Keesling, Gregg
Rotz, Dana

This presentation was given at the 57th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Workshop in 2019. Moderated by Mike Fishman, this presentation provides an overview of the results of studies comparing the work rates of formal versus subsidized employment and the impact of social enterprise on subsidized employment.

A better future for children: Family focused child support-child welfare services

Individual Author: 
Potts, Diane

These presentations are from the 57th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Workshop. This presentation provides an overview on research analyzing the effects of mandatory child support cooperation on TANF participants, using Minnesota as a case study. The presentation questions the justification for mandatory cooperation from fiscal social policy standpoints and calls for further research in this area.

Assessing client progress in TANF: Looking beyond WPR

Individual Author: 
Tai, Yunny

These presentations are from the 57th National Association for Welfare Research and Statistics (NAWRS) Workshop. This presentation uses a point-in-time analysis of TANF to describe program participants and caseloads. The presentation highlights the benefits of data analysis for both compliance measures and for determining the extent to which participants are moving towards self-sufficiency.

California's poverty rate goes down but 7.5 million remain poor

Individual Author: 
Wimer, Christopher
Mattingly, Marybeth
Kimberlin, Sara
Fisher, Jonathan
Danielson, Caroline
Bohn, Sarah

Nearly 1 in 5 Californians lived in poverty in 2015, according to the newest data from the California Poverty Measure. The poverty rate declined to 19.5 percent, down 1.1 percentage points from 2014, and down 2.3 percentage points since 2011. The California Poverty Measure (CPM), a joint research product of the Public Policy Institute of California and the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, draws on administrative and survey data to deliver the state’s most comprehensive measure of poverty. (Author introduction)

Strained suburbs: The social service challenges of rising suburban poverty

Individual Author: 
Allard, Scott W.
Roth, Benjamin

Cities and suburbs occupy well-defined roles within the discussion of poverty, opportunity, and social welfare policy in metropolitan America. Research exploring issues of poverty typically has focused on central-city neighborhoods, where poverty and joblessness have been most concentrated. As a result, place-based U.S. antipoverty policies focus primarily on ameliorating concentrated poverty in inner-city (and, in some cases, rural) areas.

Integrating motivational interviewing and traditional practices to address alcohol and drug use among urban American Indian/Alaska Native youth

Individual Author: 
Dickerson, Daniel L.
Brown, Ryan A.
Johnson, Carrie L.
Schweigman, Kurt
D'Amico, Elizabeth J.

American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/AN) exhibit high levels of alcohol and drug (AOD) use and problems. Although approximately 70% of AI/ANs reside in urban areas, few culturally relevant AOD use programs targeting urban AI/AN youth exist. Furthermore, federally-funded studies focused on the integration of evidence-based treatments with AI/AN traditional practices are limited.

Relief from government-owed child support debt and its effects on parents and children

Individual Author: 
Hahn, Heather
Kuehn, Daniel
Hassani, Hannah
Edin, Kathryn

This report was updated on August 28, 2019. On page vi, the share of child support payments in California that is owed to the government was changed from 70 percent to 40 percent to reflect the most recent data. On page 2, “In San Francisco” was changed to “According to the San Francisco Department of Child Support Services” to clarify the source of the percentage in the first paragraph. (author abstract)