Southern California is in the midst of a radical transformation driven by smart growth ideals and an influx of projected investment into new and existing transit. The key question facing our communities is this: how can planning and development happen so that everyone benefits and nobody is left behind? Public Counsel’s Community Development Project is proud to release Getting There Together: Tools to Advocate for Inclusive Development Near Transit.
This BASSC Monograph examines the current needs of youth aging out of the foster care system and programs developed to assist youth with their transition to adulthood and independent living. It is based upon a review of the most up to date national and state empirical research to identify what the challenges youth aging out of care face. It is also based upon interviews with program administrators of Independent Living Skills Programs, community-based organizations, and private foundations and endowments. (author executive summary)
Since California adopted the federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program as the California Work Opportunities and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) program in 1997, the composition of the California welfare population has changed radically. While at its onset the vast majority of CalWORKs cases included an aided adult, over half of CalWORKs cases now receive aid just for the children. The adults either never were eligible or have been excluded from cash aid and receipt of most services.
Millions of parents find themselves struggling to make ends meet, despite hard work. Even a full-time job is no guarantee of economic security, with the high cost of everyday expenses and a federal minimum wage of just $6.55 an hour – less than $14,000 a year with full-time, year-round employment.
Transitional work programs—a variation on publicly funded jobs programs of the past— are a new option for helping hard-to-employ TANF recipients find jobs. As welfare caseloads declined in the late 1990s, lawmakers and program administrators became increasingly concerned with families that—despite strong incentives to work and increased supports for working parents—still continue to receive welfare, have difficulty finding steady employment, and risk hitting the time limit on their cash assistance.
Raising children is a challenge for virtually all parents. It is made harder when a parent is disabled by poor physical health, mental illness, or learning barriers. In 2008-2009, about 31,000 California parents sufficiently disabled and poor to qualify for Supplemental Security Income (SSI) were raising between them some 55,000 children with assistance from the child-only component of CalWORKs, California’s TANF program.
The information in this brief is based on a cross-sectional study of safety net/timed-out and sanctioned parents associated with child-only cases in five northern California counties representing a range of economic, demographic and urban/suburban/rural contexts. This study is the second in a series presenting research on the composition, characteristics and needs of child-only cases. (author introduction)
The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program for drug addicts and alcoholics (DA&A beneficiaries) ended in January 1997 without any special effort to create employment for those who lost benefits. Relying on data from a nine-site, two-year panel study of 1,764 former DA &A recipients and detailed semistructured interviews with subsamples in four sites, this paper examines employment outcomes and barriers to employment among 611 respondents who lost SSI and did not replace it with another form of publicly funded income assistance.
Changes in welfare legislation including the enactment of the Work First policy make it essential to examine the discrimination that Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients face in obtaining employment. Eighty-one employees of temporary employment agencies (58 women, 22 men, and 1 gender unidentified) participated in a study of hiring decisions for TANF recipient and African American job applicants. The study involved participants evaluating hypothetical applicants' resumes for a fast food restaurant cashier or an administrative assistant position.
In 2003, a coalition of public, private, and not-for-profit actors in San Francisco began work to create a local city/county supplement to the federal Earned Income Tax Credit. In addition to putting more money in the pockets of working families living in a high-cost city, the coalition sought to use the program to boost participation by eligible recipients in the federal EITC and to help low-income families connect to financial services and asset-building opportunities.