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The SSRC Library allows visitors to access materials related to self-sufficiency programs, practice and research. Visitors can view common search terms, conduct a keyword search or create a custom search using any combination of the filters at the left side of this page. To conduct a keyword search, type a term or combination of terms into the search box below, select whether you want to search the exact phrase or the words in any order, and click on the blue button to the right of the search box to view relevant results.

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  • Individual Author: McColl, Rebecca; Nicoli, Lisa Thiebaud
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    This document includes individual summaries for each of the 24 jurisdictions as well as the state. Each summary includes every family in that jurisdiction who received TCA for at least one month in state fiscal year 2017 (July 2016 to June 2017). Additionally, the demographics and employment analyses are only for adult recipients, so payees who are not recipients themselves are excluded from those sections of the table. We believe this provides a more accurate representation of families and individuals receiving TCA.

    Because we are interested in receipt during a state fiscal year, the first month in the year that a family actually received benefits is the first month included in the analysis. For example, if a family applied for TCA in January 2017, that family might not actually receive benefits until February 2017. We would consider February 2017 the first month of receipt. However, benefits are retroactive to the date that a family applied for assistance, so this family would receive prorated benefits for January. Since the family received benefits for January 2017,...

    This document includes individual summaries for each of the 24 jurisdictions as well as the state. Each summary includes every family in that jurisdiction who received TCA for at least one month in state fiscal year 2017 (July 2016 to June 2017). Additionally, the demographics and employment analyses are only for adult recipients, so payees who are not recipients themselves are excluded from those sections of the table. We believe this provides a more accurate representation of families and individuals receiving TCA.

    Because we are interested in receipt during a state fiscal year, the first month in the year that a family actually received benefits is the first month included in the analysis. For example, if a family applied for TCA in January 2017, that family might not actually receive benefits until February 2017. We would consider February 2017 the first month of receipt. However, benefits are retroactive to the date that a family applied for assistance, so this family would receive prorated benefits for January. Since the family received benefits for January 2017, some of the measures we use, such as months of receipt in the state fiscal year or months of receipt counted toward the time limit, would count January as a month of receipt. These discrepancies are important in understanding data related to past program participation.

    Disabled for 12+ months is defined as individuals coded as OTD in WORKS, the data system used to track participation in work activities, at any point in the 2017 state fiscal year. Due to data availability, the second adult on cases with more than one adult recipient is excluded from this analysis.

    Additional information on methods and data sources can be found in the main brief, Life on Welfare: Temporary Cash Assistance Families & Recipients, 2017. (Author introduction)

     

  • Individual Author: McColl, Rebecca; Nicoli, Lisa Thiebaud
    Reference Type: Report
    Year: 2018

    At the end of 2016, Maryland’s Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) caseload reached a record low. In November 2016, the number of families receiving TCA dropped below the previous low of 20,725 in March 2007, and it continued to decline throughout the state fiscal year. The most recent caseload figures indicate that the decline has not abated; in February 2018, the last month data was available, only 18,210 families received TCA. (Edited author introduction)

     

    At the end of 2016, Maryland’s Temporary Cash Assistance (TCA) caseload reached a record low. In November 2016, the number of families receiving TCA dropped below the previous low of 20,725 in March 2007, and it continued to decline throughout the state fiscal year. The most recent caseload figures indicate that the decline has not abated; in February 2018, the last month data was available, only 18,210 families received TCA. (Edited author introduction)

     

  • Individual Author: Murphy, Lauren; Zief, Susan; Hulsey, Lara
    Reference Type: Report, Stakeholder Resource
    Year: 2018

    Introduction

    This brief summarizes key characteristics of programs funded through the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) that reported at least half of the youth they served were adjudicated youth. PREP, which aims to reduce teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors, is administered by the Family and Youth Services Bureau within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Funding is awarded to states and territories through formula grants (State PREP), and through a competitive process to tribes and tribal entities (Tribal PREP) and to direct service providers in states and territories that did not take State PREP funding (Competitive PREP).

    Purpose

    This brief is one in a series that will inform stakeholders and the public about the PREP program.

    Key Findings and Highlights

    Seventy-two programs across 24 states and territories reported primarily serving adjudicated youth. These...

    Introduction

    This brief summarizes key characteristics of programs funded through the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) that reported at least half of the youth they served were adjudicated youth. PREP, which aims to reduce teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors, is administered by the Family and Youth Services Bureau within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Funding is awarded to states and territories through formula grants (State PREP), and through a competitive process to tribes and tribal entities (Tribal PREP) and to direct service providers in states and territories that did not take State PREP funding (Competitive PREP).

    Purpose

    This brief is one in a series that will inform stakeholders and the public about the PREP program.

    Key Findings and Highlights

    Seventy-two programs across 24 states and territories reported primarily serving adjudicated youth. These programs served about 8,000 youth each year, largely through juvenile detention centers. Most youth in these programs reported being White or Black or African American, and most were ages 15 to 18. About three-quarters of youth reported being sexually active before entering the program. After PREP, more than one-third of the youth in these programs reported they were less likely to have sex in the next six months, and a large majority reported they were more likely to use condoms and birth control if they have sex.

    Methods

    PREP grantees submit performance measures data to ACF each year. These findings are based on performance measures data submitted by State PREP, Tribal PREP, and Competitive PREP grantees for the 2014–2015 reporting period. (Author introduction)

  • Individual Author: Murphy, Lauren; Zief, Susan; Hulsey, Lara
    Reference Type: Report, Stakeholder Resource
    Year: 2018

    Introduction

    This brief summarizes key characteristics of programs funded through the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) that primarily served highly vulnerable populations. Programs that “primarily served” a highly vulnerable population are defined as those that reported at least half of the youth they served were from one or more of the following populations: youth in foster care; youth in adjudication systems; homeless or runaway youth; pregnant or parenting youth; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth; youth in residential treatment for mental health issues; and youth who have trouble speaking or understanding English. PREP, which aims to reduce teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors, is administered by the Family and Youth Services Bureau within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Funding is awarded to states and territories through formula grants (State PREP), and through a competitive process to...

    Introduction

    This brief summarizes key characteristics of programs funded through the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) that primarily served highly vulnerable populations. Programs that “primarily served” a highly vulnerable population are defined as those that reported at least half of the youth they served were from one or more of the following populations: youth in foster care; youth in adjudication systems; homeless or runaway youth; pregnant or parenting youth; lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth; youth in residential treatment for mental health issues; and youth who have trouble speaking or understanding English. PREP, which aims to reduce teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors, is administered by the Family and Youth Services Bureau within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Funding is awarded to states and territories through formula grants (State PREP), and through a competitive process to tribes and tribal entities (Tribal PREP) and to direct service providers in states and territories that did not take State PREP funding (Competitive PREP).

    Purpose

    This brief is one in a series that will inform stakeholders and the public about the PREP program.

    Key Findings and Highlights

    One hundred forty-one programs across 33 states and territories reported primarily serving at least one highly vulnerable population. These programs served about 15,500 youth each year, and most operated in out-of-school settings. Most programs primarily serving highly vulnerable populations reported serving primarily youth in foster care or in adjudication systems. Most youth in these programs were ages 15 to 18 and were sexually active before entering the program. After PREP, about half the youth in these programs reported they were less likely to have sex in the next six months, and a large majority reported they were more likely to use condoms and birth control if they have sex.

    Methods

    PREP grantees submit performance measures data to ACF each year. These findings are based on performance measures data submitted by State PREP, Tribal PREP, and Competitive PREP grantees for the 2014–2015 reporting period. (Author introduction)

  • Individual Author: Murphy, Lauren; Zief, Susan; Hulsey, Lara
    Reference Type: Report, Stakeholder Resource
    Year: 2018

    Introduction

    This brief summarizes key characteristics of programs funded through the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) that reported at least half of the youth they served were homeless or runaway youth. PREP, which aims to reduce teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors, is administered by the Family and Youth Services Bureau within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Funding is awarded to states and territories through formula grants (State PREP), and through a competitive process to tribes and tribal entities (Tribal PREP) and to direct service providers in states and territories that did not take State PREP funding (Competitive PREP).

    Purpose

    This brief is one in a series that will inform stakeholders and the public about the PREP program.

    Key Findings and Highlights

    Thirteen programs across eight states reported primarily serving homeless and runaway youth. These...

    Introduction

    This brief summarizes key characteristics of programs funded through the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) that reported at least half of the youth they served were homeless or runaway youth. PREP, which aims to reduce teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors, is administered by the Family and Youth Services Bureau within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Funding is awarded to states and territories through formula grants (State PREP), and through a competitive process to tribes and tribal entities (Tribal PREP) and to direct service providers in states and territories that did not take State PREP funding (Competitive PREP).

    Purpose

    This brief is one in a series that will inform stakeholders and the public about the PREP program.

    Key Findings and Highlights

    Thirteen programs across eight states reported primarily serving homeless and runaway youth. These programs served about 1,000 youth each year, largely through community-based organizations. Most youth in these programs reported being White or Black or African American, and most were ages 15 to 18. About two-thirds of youth reported being sexually active before entering the program. After PREP, more than one-third of the youth in these programs reported they were less likely to have sex in the next six months, and a large majority reported they were more likely to use condoms and birth control if they have sex.

    Methods

    PREP grantees submit performance measures data to ACF each year. These findings are based on performance measures data submitted by State PREP, Tribal PREP, and Competitive PREP grantees for the 2014–2015 reporting period. (author introduction)

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